Wednesday, January 7

శ్రీ విష్ణు సహస్రనామము (2)

31. Amrtamshu dbhavo bhanuh shashabinduh sureshvarah
Aushadham jagatah setuh satya-dharma-prarakramah

Amrtamshu dbhavo: The Paramatman from whom Amrutamshu or the Moon originated at the time of the churning of the Milk-ocean.

Bhanuh: One who shines.

Shashabinduh: The word means one who has the mark of the hare, that is the Moon.

Sureshvarah: One who is the Lord of all Devas and those who do good.

Aushadham: One who is the Aushadha or medicine for the great disease of Samsara.

Jagatah setuh: One who is the aid to go across the ocean of Samsara.

Satya-dharma-parakramah: One whose excellences like righteousness, omniscience, puissance, etc. are all true.

32. Bhuta-bhavya-bhavan-nathah pavanah pavano analah
Kamaha kamakrut kantah kamah kamapradah prabhuh

Bhuta-bhavya-bhavan-nathah: One who is the master for all the beings of the past, future and present.

Pavanah: One who is the purifier.

Pavanah: One who causes movement.

Analah: The Jivatma is called Anala because it recognizes Ana or Prana as Himself.

Kamaha: One who destroys the desire-nature in seekers after liberation.

Kamakrut: One who fulfils the wants of pure minded devotees.

Kantah: One who is extremely beautiful.

Kamah: One who is sought after by those who desire to attain the four supreme values of life.

Kamapradah: One who liberally fulfils the desires of devotees.

Prabhuh: One who surpasses all.

33. Yugadikrud yugavarto naikamayo mahashanah
Adrushyo vyakta-rupascha sahasrajid anantajit

Yugadikrud: One who is the cause of periods of time like Yuga.

Yugavarto: One who as time causes the repetition of the four Yugas beginning with Satya Yuga.

Naikamayo: One who can assume numerous forms of Maya, not one only.

Mahashanah: One who consumes everything at the end of a Kalpa.

Adrushyo: One who cannot be grasped by any of the five organs of knowledge.

Vyakta-rupascha: He is so called because His gross form as universe can be clearly perceived.

Sahasrajid: One who is victorious over innumerable enemies of the Devas in battle.

Anantajit: One who, being endowed with all powers, is victorious at all times over everything.

34. Ishtovishistah shishtestah sikhandi nahusho vrushah
Krodhaha krodhakrut karta vishva-bahur mahidharah

Ishto: One who is dear to all because He is of the nature of supreme Bliss.

Avishistah: One who resides within all.

Shishtestah: One who is dear to shishta or Knowing Ones.

Sikhandi: Sikhanda means feather of a peacock. One who used it as a decoration for His crown when he adopted the form of a cowherd (Gopa).

Nahusho: One who binds all beings by Maya the root `nah’ means bondage.

Vrushah: One who is of the form of Dharma.

Krodhaha: One who eradicates anger in virtuous people.

Krodhakrut karta: One who generates Krodha or anger in evil people.

Vishva-bahur: One who is the support of all or one who has got all beings as His arms.

Mahidharah: Mahi means both earth and worship. So the name means one who supports the earth or receives all forms of worship.

35. Achyutah prathitah pranah pranado vasavanujah
Apam-nidhir adhishthanam apramattah pratishtitah

Achyutah: One who is without the six transformations beginning with birth.

Prathitah: One who is famous because of His works like creation of the worlds etc.

Pranah: One who as Hiranyagarbha endows all beings with Prana.

Pranado: One who bestows Prana, that is, strength, on Devas and Asuras and also destroys them by withdrawing it.

Vasavanujah: One who was born as younger brother of Indra (Vasava) in His incarnation as Vamana.

Apam-nidhir: The word means collectivity of water or the ocean.

Adhishthanam: The seat or support for everything.

Apramattah: One who is always vigilant in awarding the fruits of actions to those who are entiled to them.

Pratishtitah: One who is supported and established in His own greatness.

36. Skandah skanda-dharo dhuryo varado vayuvahanah
Vashudevo bruhad-bhanur adidevah purandarah

Skandah: One who drives everything as air.

Skanda-dharo: One who supports Skanda or the righteous path.

Dhuryo: One who bears the weight of the burden of all beings in the form of birth etc.

Varado: One who gives boons.

Vayuvahanah: One who vibrates the seven Vayus or atmospheres beginning with Avaha.

Vashudevo: One who is both Vasu and Deva.

Bruhad-bhanur: The great brilliance.

Adidevah: The Divinity who is the source of all Devas.

Purandarah: One who destroys the cities of the enemies of Devas.

37. Ashokas-taranas-tarah surah saurir janeshvarah
Anukulah shatavartah padmi padma-nibhekshanah

Ashokas: One without the six defects – sorrow, infatuation, hunger, thirst, birth and death.

Taranas: One who uplifts beings from the ocean of samsara.

Tarah: One who liberates beings from the fear of residence in the womb, birth, old age, death etc.

Surah: One of great prowess, that is, who fulfils the four supreme satisfactions of life – Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha.

Saurih: One who as Krishna as the son of Sura, that is Vasudeva.

Janeshvarah: The Lord of all beings.

Anukulah: One who, being the Atman of all beings, is favorable to all, for no one will act against oneself.

Shatavartah: One who has had several Avataras or incarnations.

Padmi: One having Padma or lotus in his hands.

Padma-nibhekshanah: One with eyes resembling lotus.

38. Padmanabho aravindakshah padmagarbhah sarirabhrut
Mahardhir ruddho vruddhatma mahaksho garuda-dhvajah

Padmanabho: One who resides in the Nabhi or the central part of the heart-lotus.

Aravindakshah: One whose eyes resemble Aravinda or the Lotus.

Padmagarbhah: One who is fit to be worshipped in the middle of the heart-lotus.

Sarirabhrut: One who supports the bodies of beings, strengthening them in the form of Anna (Food) and Prana.

Mahardhir: One who has enormous Ruddhi or prosperity.
Ruddho: One who is seen as standing in the form of the world.

Vruddhatma: One whose Atma or body is Vruddha or ancient.

Mahaksho: One who has got two or many glorious eyes.

Garuda-dhvajah: One who has got Garuda as his flag.

39. Atulah sarabho bhimah samayagno havirharih
Sarvalakshana lakshanyo lakshmivan samitinjayah

Atulah: One who cannot be compared to anything else.

Sarabho: The body is called `Sara’ as it is perishable.

Bhimah: One of whom everyone is afraid.

Samayajno: One who knows the time for creation, sustentation and dissolution.

Havir-harih: One who takes the portion of offerings (Havis) in Yajnas.

Sarvalakshana-lakshanyo: The supreme knowledge obtained through all criteria of knowledge i.e. Paramatma.

Lakshmivan: One on whose chest the Goddess Lakshmi is always residing.

Samitinjayah: One who is vicotious in Samiti or war.

40. Viksharo rohito margo hetur-damodarah sahah
Mahidharo mahabhago vegavan amitashanah

Viksharo: One who is without Kshara or desruction.

Rohito: One who assumed the form of a kind of fish called Rohita.

Margah: One who is sought after by persons seeking Moksha or Liberation.

Hetur: One who is both the instrumental and the material cause of the universe.

Damodarah: One who has very benevolent mind because of disciplines like self-control.

Sahah: One who subordinates everything.

Mahidharo: One who props up the earth in the form of mountain.

Mahabhago: He who, taking a body by His own will, enjoys supreme felicities.

Vegavan: One of tremendous speed.

Amitashanah: He who consumes all the worlds at the time of Dissolution.

41. Udbhavah kshobhano devan shrigarbhah parameshvarah
Karanam kaaranam karta vikarta gahano guhah

Udbhavah: One who is the material cause of creation.

Kshobhano: One who at the time of creation entered into the Purusha and Prakruti and caused agitation.

Devan: `Divyati’ means sports oneself through creation and other cosmic activities.

Shrigarbhah: One in whose abdomen (Garbha) Shri or His unique manifestation as Samsara has its existence.

Parameshvarah: `Parama’ means the supreme. `Ishvarah’ means one who hold sway over all beings.

Karanam: He who is the most important factor in the generation of this universe.

Kaaranam: He who is the most important factor in the generation of this universe.

Karta: One who is free and is therefore one’s own master.

Vikarta: One who makes this unique universe.

Gahanah: One whose nature, greatness and actions cannot be known by anybody.

Guhah: One who hides one’s own nature with the help of His power of Maya.

42. Vyavasayo vyavasthanah samsthanah sthanado dhruvah
Parardhih parama-spashtas tushtah pushtah subhekshanah

Vyavasayo: One who is wholly of the nature of knowledge.

Vyavasthanah: He in whom the orderly regulation of the universe rests.

Samsthanah: One in whom all beings dwell in the states of dissolution.

Sthanado: One who gives their particular status to persons like Dhruva according to their Karma.

Dhruva: One who is indestructible.

Parardhih: One who possesses lordliness of this most exalted type.

Parama-spashtas: One in whom `Para’ or supremely glorious `Ma’ or Lakshmi dwells. Or one who is the greatest of all beings without any other’s help.

Tushtah: One who is of the nature of supreme.

Pushtah: One who in fills everything.

Subhekshanah: One whose Ikshanam or vision bestows good on all beings that is, gives liberation to those who want Moksha and enjoyments to those who are after it, and also cuts asunder the knots of the heart by eliminating all doubts.

43. Ramo viramo virato margo neyo nayonayah
Virah shaktimatam shreshtho dharmo dharma-vid uttamah

Ramo: The eternally blissful on in whom the Yogis find delight.

Viramo: One in whom the Virama or end of all beings takes place.

Virato: One in whom the desire for enjoyments has ceased.

Margo: That path by knowing which the liberation-seeking ascetics attain to immortality.

Neyo: One who directs or leads the Jiva to the Supreme Being through spiritual realization.

Nayo: One who leads, that is, who is the leader in the form of spiritual illumination.

Anayah: One for whom there is no leader.

Virah: One who is valorous.

Shaktimatam-shreshtho: One who is the most powerful among all powerful beings like Brahma.

Dharmah: One who supports all beings.

Dharma-viduttamah: The greatest of knower of Dharma. He is called so because all the scriptures consisting of Shrutis and Smrutis form His commandments.

44. Vaikunthah purushah pranah pranadah pranavah pruthuh
Hiranya-garbhah shatrughno vyapto vayur adhokshajah

Vaikunthah: The bringing together of the diversified categories is Vikuntha. He who is the agent of it is Vaikunthah.

Purushah: One who existed before everything.

Pranah: One who lives as Kshetrajana (knower in the body) or one who functions in the form of vital force called Prana.

Pranadah: One who destroys the Prana of beings at the time of Pralaya.

Pranavah: One who is praised or to whom prostration is made with Om.

Pruthuh: One who has expanded himself as the world.

Hiranya-garbhah: He who was the cause of the golden-coloured egg out of which Brahma was born.

Shatrughno: One who destroys the enemies of the Devas.

Vyaptah: One who as the cause pervades all effects.

Vayur: One who is the cause of smell.

Adhokshajah: He is Adhokshaja because he undergoes no degeneration from His original nature.

45. Rituh sudarshanah kalah parameshti parigrahah
Ugrah samvatsaro daksho vishramo vishva-dakshinah

Rituh: One who is of the nature of Kala (time) which is indicated by the word Ritu or season.

Sudarshanah: One whose Darshana or vision that is knowledge, bestows the most auspicious fruit Moksha.

Kalah: One who measures and sets a limit to everything.

Parameshti: One who dwells in his supreme greatness in the sky of the heart.

Parigrahah: One who, being everywhere, is grasped on all sides by those who seek refuge in Him. Or one who grasps or receives the offerings made by devotees.

Ugrah: One who is the cause of fear even to beings like Sun.

Samvatsaro: One in whom all beings reside.

Daksho: One who augments in the form of the world.

Vishramah: One who bestows Vishrama or liberation to aspirants who seek relief from the ocean of Samsara with its waves of various tribulations in the from of Hunger, Thirst etc., and difficulties like Avidya, pride, infatuation etc.,

Vishvadakshinah: One who is more skilled (Daksha) than every one. Or One who is proficient in everything.

46. Vistarah sthavara-sthanuh pramanam bijam avyayam
Arthonartho mahakosho mahabhogo mahadhanah

Vistarah: One in whom all the worlds have attained manifestation.

Sthavara-sthanuh: One who is firmly established is Sthavara, and in whom long lasting entities like earth are established in Sthanu. The Lord is both these.

Pramanam: One who is of the nature of pure consciousness.

Bijamavyayam: One who is the seed or cause of Samsara without Himself undergoing any change.

Arthah: One who is sought (Arthita) by all, as He is of the nature of bliss.

anarthah: One who, being self-fulfilled, has no other Artha or end to seek.

Mahakosho: One who has got as His covering the great Koshas like Annamaya, Pranamaya etc.

Mahabhogo: One who has Bliss as the great source of enjoyment.

Mahadhanah: One who has got the whole universe as the wealth (Dhana) for His enjoyment.

47. Anirvinnah sthavishthobhur dharma-yupo maha-makhah
Nakshatra-nemir nakshatri kshamah kshamah samihanah

Anirvinnah: One who is never heedless, because He is ever self-fulfilled.

Sthavishtah: One of huge proportions, because He is in the form of cosmic person.

Abhuh: One without birth. Or one has no existence.

Dharma Yupah: The sacrificial post for Dharmas, that is, one to whom all the forms of Dharma, which are His own form of worship, are attached, just as a sacrificial animal is attached to a Yupa or a sacrificial post.

Maha-makhah: One by offering sacrifices to whom, those sacrifices deserve to be called great, because they well give the fruit of Nirvana.

Nakshatra nemir: The heart of all nakshatras.

Nakshatri: He is in the form of the nakshatra, Moon.

Kshamah: One who is clever in everything.

Kshamah: One who remains in the state of pure self after all the modifications of the mind have dwindled.

Samihanah: One who exerts well for creation etc.

48. Yajna ijyo mahejyas cha kratuh satram satamgatih
Sarvadarshi vimuktatma sarvagyo gynanam-uttamam

Yajnah: One who is all-knowing.

Ijayah: One who is fit to be worshipped in sacrifices.

Mahejyascha: He who, of all deities worshipped, is alone capable of giving the blessing of liberation.

Kratuh: A Yajna in which there is a sacrificial post is Kratu.

Satram: One who is of the nature of ordained Dharma.

Satamgatih: One who is the sole support for holy men who are seekers of Moksha.

Sarvadarshi: One who by His inborn insight is able to see all good and evil actions of living beings.

Vimuktatma: One who is naturally free.

Sarvagyo: One who is all and also the knower of all.

Gynanam uttamam: That consciousness which is superior to all, birthless, unlimited by time and space and the cause of all achievements.

49. Suvratah sumukhah sukshmah sughoshah sukhadah suhrut
Manoharo jita-krodho virabahur vidaranah

Suvratah: One who has take the magnanimous vow to save all refuge-seekers.

Sumukhah: One with a pleasant face.

Sukshmah: One who is subtle because He is without any gross causes like sound etc.

Sughoshah: One whose auspicious sound is the Veda. Or one who has got a deep and sonorous sound like the clouds.

Sukhadah: One who gives happiness to good people.

Suhrut: One who helps without looking for any return.

Manoharo: One who attracts the mind by His incomparable blissful nature.

Jitakrodho: One who has overcome anger.

Virabahur: One whose arms are capable of heroic deeds as demonstrated in his destruction of Asuras for establishing Vedic Dharma.

Vidaranah: One who destroys those who live contrary to Dharma.

50. Svapanah svavasho vyapi naikatma naika-karma-krut
Vatsaro vatsalo vatsi ratna-garbho dhaneshvarah

Svapanah: One who enfolds the Jivas in the sleep of Ajnana.

Svavasho: One who is dominated by oneself and not anything else, as He is the cause of the whole cosmic process.

Vyapi: One who interpenetrates everything like Akasha.

Naikatma: One who manifests in different forms as the subsidiary agencies causing the various cosmic processes.

Naika-karma-krut: One who engages in innumerable activities in the process of creation, sustentation etc.

Vatsaro: One in whom everything dwells.

Vatsalo: One who has love for His devotees.

Vatsi: One who protects those who are dear to Him.

Ratna-garbho: The Ocean is so called because gems are found in its depths. As the Lord has taken the form of the ocean, He is called by this name.

Dhaneshvarah: One who is the Lord of all wealth.

51. Dharmagub dharmakrud dharmi sad-asatksharam aksharam
Avigyata sahashramsur vidhata kruta-lakshanah

Dharmagub: One who protects Dharma.

Dharmakrud: Though above. Dharma and Adharma, He performs Dharma in order to keep up the traditions in respect of it.

Dharmi: One who upholds Dharma.

Sad: The Parabrahman who is of the nature of truth.

Asat: As the Aparabrahma has manifested as the world He is called Asat (not having reality).

Ksharam: All beings subjected to change.

Aksharam: The changeless one.

Avigyata: One who is without the attributes of a Jiva or vigyata like sense of agency etc.

Sahashramshur: One with numerous rays, that is the Sun.

Vidhata: One who is the unique support of all agencies like Ananta who bear the whole universe.

Krutalakshanah: One who is of the nature of conscousness.

52. Gabhasti-nemih sattvasthah simho bhuta-maheshvarah
Adidevo mahadevo devesho devabhrud-guruh

Gabhasti-nemih: He who dwells in the middle of Gabhasti or rays as the Sun.

Sattvasthah: One who dwells specially in sattvaguna, which is luminous by nature.

Simho: One who ahs irresistible power like a lion.

Bhuta-maheshvarah: The supreme Lord of all beings.

Adidevo: He who is the first of all beings.

Mahadevo: One whose greatness consists in His supreme self-knowledge.

Devesah: One who is the lord of all Devas, being the most important among them.

Devabhrud-guruh: Indra who governs the Devas is Devabhrut. The Lord is even that Indra’s controller (Guru).

53. Uttaro gopatir gopta gyanagamyah puratanah
Sharira-bhuta-bhrud bhokta kapindro bhuridakshinah

Uttaro: One who is Uttirna or liberated from Samsara.

Gopatir: Krishna who tends the cattle in the form of a Gopa. One who is the master of the earth.

Gopta: One who is the protector of all beings.

Gyanagamyah: The Lord cannot be known through Karma or a combination of Karma and Gyana.

Puratanah: One who is not limited by time and who existed before anything else.

Sharira-bhuta-bhrud: One who is the master of the five Bhutas (elements) of which the body is made.

Bhokta: One who protects. Or one who is the enjoyer of infinite bliss.

Kapindro: Kapi means Varah (boar). The word means, the Lord who is Indra and also one who manifested as Varaha or the Boar in one of the incarnations. Or it signifies His Rama incarnation in which He played the role of the master of the monkeys.

Bhuridakshinah: One to whom numerous Dakshinas or votive offerings are made in Yagyas.

54. Somapo amrutapah somah purujit purushottamah
Vinayo jayah satyasandho dasharhah satvatampatih

Somapo: One who drinks the Soma in all Yagyas in the form of the Devata (Deit).

Amrutapah: One who drinks the drink of immortal Bliss which is of one’s own nature.

Somah: One who as the moon invigorates the plants.

Purujit: One who gains victory over numerous people.

Purushottamah: As His form is of cosmic dimension He is Puru or great, and as He is the most important of all, He is Sattama.

Vinayo: One who inflicts Vinaya or punishment on evil ones.

Jayah: One who is victorious over all beings.

Satyasandho: One whose `Sandha’ or resolve becomes always true.

Dasharhah: Dasha means charitable offering. Therefore, He to whom charitable offerings deserve to be made.

Satvatampatih: `Satvatam’ is the name of a Tantra. So the one who gave it out or commented upon it.

55. Jivo vinayita-sakshi mukundo amita vikramah
Ambhonidhir anantatma mahodadhishayonatakah

Jivo: One who as the Kshetragya or knower of the field or the body, is associated with the Pranas.

Vinayita-sakshi: One who witnesses the Vinayita or worshipful attitude of all devotees.

Mukundo: One who bestows Mukti or Liberation.

Amita vikramah: One whose three strides were limitless.

Ambhonidhir: One in whom the Ambas or all beings from Devas down dwell.

Anantatma: One who cannot be determined by space, time and causation.

Mahodadhi-sayah: One who lies in the water of Cosmic Dissolution into which all entities in the universe have been dissolved.

Antakah: One who brings about the end of all beings.

56. Ajo maharhah svabhavyo jitamitrah pramodanah
Anando nandano nandah satya-dharma trivikramah

Ajo: ` A’ means Mahavishnu. So the word means one who is born of Vishnu i.e. Kama Deva.

Maharhah: One who is fit for worship.

Svabhavyah: Being eternally perfect He is naturally without a beginning.

Jitamitrah: One who has conquered the inner enemies like attachment, anger etc. as also external enemies like Ravana, Kumbhakarna etc.

Pramodanah: One who is always joyous as He is absorbed in immortal Bliss.

Anando: One whose form is Ananda or Bliss.

Nandano: One who gives delight.

Nandah: One endowed with all perfections.

Satya-dharma: One whose knowledge and other attributes are true.

Trivikramah: One whose three strides covered the whole world.

57. Maharshih kapilacharyah krutagyo medini-patih
Tripadastridashadhyaksho mahashrungah krutantakrut

Maharshih Kapilacharyah: Kapila is called Maharshi because he was master of all the Vedas.

Krutagyo: Kruta means the world because it is of the nature of an effect.

Medinipatih: One who is the Lord of the earth.

Tripadas: One having three strides.

Tridashadhyaksho: One who is the witness of the three states of waking, dream and sleep, which spring from the influence of the Gunas.

Mahashrungah: One with a great antenna.

Krutantakrut: One who brings about the destruction of the Kruta or the manifested condition of the universe.

58. Mahavaraho goivindah sushenah kanakangadi
Guhyo gabhiro gahano guptas chakra-gadadharah

Mahavaraho: The great Cosmic Boar.

Govindah: `Go’ means Words, that is the Vedic sentences. He who is known by them is Govindah.

Sushenah: One who has got about Him an armed guard in the shape of His eternal associates.

Kanakangadi: One who has Angadas (armlets) made of gold.

Guhyo: One who is to be known by the Guhya or the esoteric knowledge conveyed by the Upanishads. Or one who is hidden in the Guha or heart.

Gabhiro: One who is of profound majesty because of attributes like omniscience, lordliness, strength, prowess etc.

Gahano: One who could be entered into only with great difficulty. One who is the witness of the three states of waking, dreams and sleep as also their absence.

Guptas: One who is not an object of words, thought etc.

Chakra-gada-dharah: One who has discus and Gada in hand.

59. Vedhah svango ajitah krishno drudhah sankarshano acyutah
Varuno vaaruno vrukshah pushkaraksho mahamanah

Vedhah: One who does Vidhana or regulation.

Svango: One who is oneself the participant in accomplishing works.

Ajitah: One who has not been conquered by anyone in His various incarnations.

Krishno: One who is known as Krishna-dvaipayana.

Drudhah: One whose nature and capacity know no decay.

Sankarshano Acyutah: Sankarshana is one who attracts to oneself all beings at the time of cosmic Dissolution and Acyuta is one who knows no fall from His real nature. They form one word with the first as the qualification – Acyuta who is sankarshana.

Varuno: The evening sun is called Varuna, because he withdraws his rays into himself.

Vaaruno: Vasishta or Agastya, the sons of Varuna.

Vrukshah: One who is unshakable like a tree.

Pushkaraksho: One who shines as the light of consciousness when meditated upon in the lotus of the heart. Or one who has eyes resembling the lotus.

Mahamanah: One who fulfils the three functions of creation, sustentation and dissolution of the universe by the mind alone.

60. Bhagavan bhagahanandi vanamali halayudhah
Adityo jyotir-adityah sahishnur gatisattamah

Bhagavan: The origin, dissolution, the bondage and salvation of creatures, knowledge, ignorance – one who knows all these is Bhagavan.

Bhagaha: One who withdraws the Bhagas, beginning with lordliness, into Himself at the time of dissolution.

Anandi: One whose nature is Ananda (bliss).

Vanamali: One who wears the floral wreath (Vanamala) called Vaijayanti, which consists of the categories of five Elements.

Halayudhah: One who in His incarnation as Balabhadra had Hala or ploughshare as His weapon.

Adityo: One who was born of Aditi in His incarnation as Vamana.

Jyotir-adityah: One who dwells in the brilliance of the sun’s orb.

Sahishnur: One who puts up with the contraries like heat and cold.

Gatisattamah: One who is the ultimate resort and support of all, and the greatest of all beings.

0 వినదగు నెవ్వరు చెప్పిన..: