Sunday, January 11

శ్రీ విష్ణు సహస్రనామము (4)

91. Bhara-bhrut kathito yogi yogishah sarva-kamadah
Ashramah shramanah kshamah suparno vayu-vahanah

Bhara-bhrut: One who bears the weight of the earth assuming the form of Ananta.

Kathito: One who is spoken of as the highest by the Veda or one of whom all Vedas speak.

Yogi: Yoga here means knowledge. So He who is attained by that is Yogi. Or Yoga means

Samadhi. He who is ever established in His own Self, that is, the Paramatma. He is therefore Yogi.

Yogishah: He who is never shaken from Yoga or knowledge and establishment in His own Self, unlike ordinary Yogis who slip away from Yoga on account of obstacles.

Sarva-kamadah: One who bestows all desired fruits.

Ashramah: One who is the bestower of rest on all who are wandering in the forest of Samsara.

Shramanah: One who brings tribulations to those who live without using their discriminative power.

Kshamah: He who brings about the decline of all beings.

Suparnah: The lord who has manifested Himself as the tree of Samsara has excellent leaves (Parna) in the form of Vedic passages (Chandas).

Vayu-vahanah: He for fear of whom Vayu (Air) carries all beings.

92. Dhanurdharo dhanurvedo dando damayita damah

Aparajitah sarvasaho niyanta niyamo yamah

Dhanurdharo: He who as Rama wielded the great bow.

Dhanurvedo: He who as the same Rama, the son of Dasharatha, was the master of the science of archery.

Dando: He who is discipline among the disciplinarians.

Damayita: He who inflicts punishments on people as Yama and as king.

Damah: He who is in the form of self-descipline in men as a result of enforcement.

Aparajitah: One who is never defeated by enemies.

Sarvasaho: One who is expert in all Karmas (works).

Niyanta: One who appoints every person to his respective duties.

Aniyamo: One on whom there is no enforcement of any law, or above whom there can be no overlord to enforce anything, as He is the controller of everything.

Ayamah: One on whom Yama has no control, that is one who has no death.

93. Satvavan satvikah satyah satya-dharma-parayanah

Abhiprayah priyarho-rhah priyakrut pritivardhanah

Satvavan: One who has got the strengthening qualities like heroism, prowess etc.

Satvikah: One who is established essentially in the Satva Guna.

Satyah: One who is truly established in good people.

Satya-dharma-parayanah: One who is present in truthfulness and righteousness in its many aspects.

Abhiprayah: The One who is sought after by those who seek the ultimate values of life (Purushartha).

Priyarhah: The being to whom the objects that are dear to oneself, are fit to be offered.

Arhah: One who deserves to be worshipped with all the ingredients and rites of worship like offerings, praise, prostration etc.

Priyakrut: One who is not only to be loved but who does what is good and dear to those who worship Him.

Pritivardhanah: One who enhances the joys of devotees.

94. Vihayasagatir jyotih suruchir huta-bhug vibhuh
Ravir virochanah suryah savita ravilochanah

Vihayasagatir: One who is the support of Vishupada.

Jyotih: One who is the light of self-luminous consciousness that reveals oneself as well as other things.

Suruchir: The Lord whose Ruchi i.e. brilliance or will, is of an attractive nature.

Huta-bhug: One who eats, that is, receives, whatever is offered to whatever deities (Devas) in all sacrifices.

Vibhuh: One who dwells everywhere. Or one who is the master of all the three worlds.

Ravir: One who absorbs all Rasas (fluids) in the form of the Sun.

Virochanah: One who shines in many ways.

Suryah: One who generates Shri or brilliance in Surya. Or Agni (Fire) is what is called Surya.

Savita: One who brings forth (Prasava) all the worlds.

Ravi-lochanah: One having the sun as the eye.

95. Ananto huta-bhug bhokta sukhado naikajo-grajah

Anirvinnah sadamarshi lokadhishthana-madbhutah

Ananto: One who is eternal, all-pervading and indeterminable by space and time.

Hutabhuk: One who consumes what is offered in firesacrifices.

Bhokta: One to whom the unconscious Prakruti is the object for enjoyment.

Sukhado: One who bestows liberation (Miksha) on devotees.

Naikajo: One who takes on birth again and again for the preservation of Dharma.

Agrajah: One who was born before everything else, that is, Hiranya-garbha.

Anirvinnah: One who is free from all sorrow, because he has secured all his desires and has no obstruction in the way of such achievement.

Sadamarshi: One who is always patient towards good men.

Lokadhishthanam: Brahman who, though without any other support for Himself, supports all the three worlds.

Adbhutah: The wonderful being.

96. Sanat sanatana-tamah kapilah kapir avyayah

Svastidah svastikrut svasti svastibhuk svasti-dakshinah

Sanat: The word Sanat indicates a great length of time. Time also is the manifestation of the Supreme Being.

Sanatana-tamah: Being the cause of all, He is more ancient than Brahma and other beings, who are generally considered eternal.

Kapilah: A subterranean fire in the ocean is Kapila, light red in colour.

Kapir: ‘Ka’ means water. One who drinks or absorbs all water by his Kapi, that is, the sun.

Avyayah: One in whom all the worlds get dissolved in Pralaya.

Svastidah: One who gives what is auspicious to devotees.

Svastikrut: One who works bestowing what is good.

Svasti: One whose auspicious form is characterized by supreme Bliss.

Svastibhuk: One who enjoys the Svasti mentioned above or who preserves the Svasti of devotees.

Svasti-dakshinah: One who augments as Svasti (auspiciousness).

97. Araudrah kundali chakri vikramyurjita-shasanah

Shabdatigah shabdasahah sisirah sarvari-karah

Araudrah: Action, attachment and anger these three are Raudra. The Lord is one whose desires are all accomplished, so He has no attachment or aversion. So He is free from theRaudras mentioned above.

Kundali: One who has taken the form of Adisesha.

Chakri: One who sports in his hand the discus named Sudarshana, which is the category known as Manas, for the protection of all the worlds.

Vikrami: Vikrama means taking a stride, as also courage.

Urjita-shasanah: One whose dictates in the form of shrutis and smrutis are of an extremely sublime nature.

Shabdatigah: One who cannot be denoted by any sound because He has none of the characteristics, which could be grasped by sound.

Sabdasahah: One who is the purport of all Vedas.

Sisirah: One who is the shelter to those who are bruning in the three types of wordly fires – sufferings arising from material causes, psychological causes and spiritual causes.

Sarvari-karah: For those in bondage, the Atman is like Sarvari (night) and for an enlightened one the state of samsara is like night (Sarvari). So the Lord is called the one who generates Sarvari or night for both the enlightened and the bound ones.

98. Akrurah peshalo daksho dakshinah kshiminam varah

Vidvattamo vitabhayah punya-shravana-kirtanah

Akrurah: One who is without cruelty.

Peshalo: One who is handsome in regard to His actions, mind, word and body.

Daksho: One who is fullgrown, strong and does every thing quickly, such a person is Daksha.

Dakshinah: This word is also means the same as the above Nama.

Kshiminam varah: The greatest among the patient ones, because He is more patient than all Yogis noted for patience.

Vidvattamo: He who has got the unsurpassable and all-inclusive knowledge of everything.

Vitabhayah: One who, being eternally free and the Lord of all, is free from the fear of trnsmigratory life.

Punya-shravana-kirtanah: One to hear about whom and to sing of whom is meritorious.

99. Uttarano dushkrutiha punyo duh-svapna-nasanah

Viraha rakshanah santo jivanah paryavasthitah

Uttarano: One who takes beings over to the other shore of the ocean of Samsara.

Dushkrutiha: One who effaces the evil effects of evil actions. Or one who destroys those who perform evil.

Punyo: One who bestows holiness on those who remember and adore Him.

Duh-svapna-nasanah: When adored and meditated upon, He saves one from dreams foreboding danger. Hence He is called so.

Viraha: One who frees Jivas from bondage and thus saves them from the various transmigratory paths by bestowing liberation on them.

Rakshanah: One who, assuming the Satvaguna, protects all the three worlds.

Santo: Those who adopt the virtuous path are called good men (Santah).

Jivanah: One who supports the lives of all beings as Prana.

Paryavasthitah: One who remains pervading everywhere in this universe.

100. Ananta-rupo ananta-shri jitamanyur bhayapahah

Chaturashro gabhiratma vidisho vyadisho dishah

Ananta-rupo: One who has innumerable forms, as He dwells in this all-comprehending universe.

Ananta-shri: One whose Shri (glory) is infinite.

Jitamanyur: One who has overcome anger.

Bhayapahah: One who destroys the fears of beings from Samsara.

Chaturashro: One who is just, because He bestows on Jivas the fruits of their Karma.

Gabhiratma: One whose nature is unfathomable.

Vidisho: One who distributes various furits of actions to persons differing in their forms according to competency.

Vyadisho: One who gives to Indra and other deities directions according to their varied functions.

Dishah: One who in the form of the Vedas bestows the fruits of their ritualistic actions on different beings.

101. Anadi bhurbhuvo lakshmih suviro ruchirangadah
Janano janajanmadir bhimo bhima-parakramah

Anandi: One who has no beginning because He is the ultimate cause of all.

Bhurbhuvo: ‘Bhu’ means support. One who is the support (Bhu) of even the earth, which is known to support all things.

Lakshmih: He who is the bestower of all that is auspicious to the earth besides being its supporter.

Suviro: One who has many brilliant ways of manifestation.

Ruchirangadah: One who has very attractive armlets.

Janano: One who gives brith to living beings.

Jana-janmadir: One who is the root cause of the origin of Jivas that come to have embodiment.

Bhimo: One who is the cause of fear.

Bhima-parakramah: One whose power and courage in His incarnations were a cause of fear for the Asuras.

102. Adharanilayo dhata pushpahasah prajagarah
Urdhvagah sat-pathacharah pranadah pranavah panah

Adharanilayo: One who is the support of even all the basic supporting factors like the five elements – Ether, Air, Fire, Water and Earth.

Adhata: One who is one’s own support and therefore does not require another support.

Pushpahasah: One whose manifestation as the universe resembles the Hasa or blooming of buds into flowers.

Prajagarah: One who is particularly awake, because He is eternal Awareness.

Urdhvagah: One who is above everything.

Sat-pathacharah: One who follows the conduct of the good.

Pranadah: One who givesback life to dead ones as in the case of Parikshit.

Pranavah: Pranava (Om) the manifesting sound symbol of Brahman. As He is inseparably related with Pranava, He is called Pranava.

Panah: It comes from the root ‘Prana’ meaning transaction. So one who bestows the fruits of Karma on all according to their Karma.

103. Prmanam prananilayah pranabhrut pranajivanah
Tatvam tatvavidekatma janma-mrutyu-jaratigah

Pramanam: One who is self-certifying, as He is Pure Consciousness.

Prananilayah: The home or dissolving ground of the Pranas.

Pranabhrut: One who strengthens the Pranas as food (Anna).

Pranajivanah: He who keeps alive human beings with Vayus (airs) known as Prana, Apana etc.,

Tatvam: Means Brahman, just as words like Amruta, Satya, Paramartha etc.

Tatvavid: One who knowns His own true nature.

Ekatma: One who is the sole being and the spirit (Atma) in all.

Janma-mrutyu-jaratigah: One who subsists without being subject to the six kinds of transformations – being born, existing, temporarily, growing, transforming, decaying and dying.

104. Bhurbhuvah svastarus-tarah savita prapitamahah
Yagyo yagya-patir-yajva yagyango yagya-vahanah

Bhur-bhuvah-svastarus: The three Vyahrutis Bhuh, Bhuvah, Svah are said to be the essence of the Veda.

Tarah: One who helps Jivas to go across the ocean of Samsara.

Savita: He who generates all the worlds.

Prapitamahah: One who is the father of Brahma and therefore the grandfather of all.

Yagyo: One who is of the form of Yagya.

Yagya-patir: One who is the protector and the master of the Yagyas.

Yajva: One who manifests as the performer of a Yagya.

Yagyango: All the parts of His body as the incarnate Cosmic Boar are identified with the parts of a yagya.

Yagya-vahanah: One who supports the Yagya which yield various fruits.

105. Yagyabhrud yagyakrud yagyi yagyabhrug yagyasadhanah
Yagyanantakrud yagyaguhyam annam annada eva cha

Yagyabhrud: He is so called, because He is the protector and supporter of all yagyas.

Yagyakrud: One who performs Yagya at the beginnig and end of the world.

Yagyi: One who is the Principal.

Yagyabhrug: One who is the enjoyer of Yagya or Protector of Yagya.

Yagyasadhanah: One to whom the Yagya is the approach.

Yagyanantakrud: One who is the end or the furits of yagya.

Yagyaguhyam: The gyana yagya or the sacrifice of knowledge, which is the esoteric (Guhyam) of all the yagyams.

Annam: That which is eaten by living beings. Or He who eats all beings.

Annada eva cha: One who is the eater of the whole world as food. The word Eva is added to show that He is also Anna, the food eaten.

106. Atmayonih svayamjato vaikhanah samagayanah
Devaki-nandanah srashtha kshitishah papanashanah

Atmayonih: One who is the source of all; that is, there is no material cause other than Himself for the universe.

Svayam-jato: He is also the instrumental cause.

Vaikhanah: One who excavated the earth, taking a unique form.

Samagayanah: One who recites the Sama chants.

Devakidddd-nandanah: The Son of Devaki in the incarnation as Krishna.

Srashtha: The creator of all the worlds.

Kshitishah: A master of the world. Here it denotes Rama.

Papanashanah: He who destroys the sins of those who adore Him, meditate upon Him, remember and sing hymns of praise on Him.

107. Shankhabrun -nandaki chakri sharangadhnva gadadharah
Rathanga panirakshobhyah sarva-praharanayudhah

Shankhabrun: One who sports the conch known as Panchajanya, which stands for Tamasahamkara, of which the five elements are born.

Nandaki: One who has in His hand the sword known as Nandaka, which stands for Vidya (spiritual illumination).

Chakri: One who sports the discus known as Sudarshana, which stands for the Rajasahamkara, out of which the Indriyas have come.

Gadadharah: One who has the mace known as the Kaumodaki, which stands for the category of Buddhi.

Rathangapani: One in whose hand is a wheel (Chakra).

Rakshobhyah: One who cannot be upset by anything, because He controls all the above-mentioned weapons.

Sarva-praharana-yudhah: There is no rule that the Lord has got only the above-mentioned weapons. All things, which can be used for contacting or striking, are His weapons.

108. Vanamali gadi sharangi shankhi chakri cha nandaki

Shriman narayano vishnur-vasudevo-abhirakshatu

People who is in old age, unable to sit todo parayana of Vishnu Sahasranaamam, they chant only " Sri raama raama raamethi, rame raame manorame Sahasra naama tatulyam raama naama varaanane " atleast one time. This chant equal to Vishnu Sahasranama Parayana.

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